Elements of Art and other art content

LINE – an extension of a point. Lines can show motion, feelings, or rhythm. Examples: bold, horizontal, vertical, diagonal, curly, wavy, zigzag, broken, contour

SHAPE- a flat, two dimensional area with length and width Shapes can be geometric or freeform/organic. Shapes can be open or closed.

FORM- a fat, three dimensional volume with length, width, and depth

TEXTURE- Actual texture is how something feels when we touch it. Visual texture is how something looks like it feels in a piece of art.

COLOR- breaking up of light into separate parts

Primary colors create all of the other colors. The primary colors are red, blue, and yellow.

Secondary colors are made by mixing two primary colors:

red + yellow = orange

blue + yellow = green

red + blue = purple

Neutral colors have no visible hue. The neutral colors are black, white, gray, and brown.

Colors can create feelings:

Warm colors make us feel excited and energetic. The warm colors are red, yellow, and orange.

Cool colors make us feel calm and relaxed. The cool colors are blue, green, and purple.

PRINCIPLES OF DESIGNare rules that artists use for organizing the Elements of Art.

BALANCE is the arrangement of the parts of an artwork to create a sense of visual weight. In symmetrical balance, both sides of the picture are identical.

EMPHASIS is the first thing our eyes see in a piece of art. Another name for this is the focal point.

PATTERN is made by repeating an element of art such as shape, line, or color.

CONTRAST is the use of opposites such as light/dark or rough/smooth in artwork.


PROCESS is the kind of art that the artist has created.

· Two dimensional processes – drawing, painting, fiber art and collage
· Three dimensional processes –sculpture, pottery, fiber art
PURPOSE is why the artist created the artwork

Artistic Expression- expresses emotions and feelings
Narrative- tells a story
Functional- useful

MEDIUM (plural-MEDIA) is the material used to create the art.

Examples: crayon, pencil, paint, fabric, yarn, clay, paper, papier mache’, stone, wood, metal


Landscape- artwork that shows an outdoor scene or scenery
Portrait- artwork that features a person, an animal, or a group of people
Still life- an arrangement of items that cannot move on its own such as a bowl of flowers or fruit

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out /  Change )

Google photo

You are commenting using your Google account. Log Out /  Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out /  Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out /  Change )

Connecting to %s